Top 15 Causes Of Gum Irritation

If you are plagued with gum irritation, you know just how painful and frustration it can be.  It can wreak havoc on your day just like a toothache.  Quite often, gum irritation is related to having poor hygiene however, it can also be a result of systemic conditions or mouth trauma.  Below are the top 15 causes of gum irritation.

  1. Plaque – This is a visible bacterial film that clings to your teeth.  Plaque can build up at your gum line and lead to infection and irritation of your gums.  The only way to reverse damage that plaque has caused once it turns to tarter is to make sure that your teeth are cleaned often at the dentist office.
  1. Popcorn – This friendly snack has been voted the number one culprit for gum irritation that is caused by food because husks get stuck between your gums and teeth and can cause an abscess.
  1. Teeth Issues – If you have poorly aligned teeth, badly fitted bridges, defective fillings, partial dentures or if you grind your teeth, your gums can become very sensitive.
  1. Poor Diet – Not eating properly can cause a nutritional deficiency that will reduce your body's effectiveness to fight infection which can compromise the health of your gums.
  1. Pregnancy – Mothers-to-be often have gingivitis during pregnancy which causes sore gums.
  1. Smoking – If you partake in this deadly habit, you are also affecting your gums.  Smoking causes deep pockets, calculus, infection, bone loss and severe gum disease.  It damages the process that your body uses to fight issues like gum disease.  Additionally, it restricts your blood flow, reduces saliva and causes damage to your immune system.  Nicotine changes your blood vessels and your mouth tissues are damaged by the smoke and heat.
  1. Alcohol – Basically, alcohol is a type of drying agent that causes the occurrence of sloughing. Decay needs a carbohydrate rich, type of environment which alcohol creates.
  1. Stress – Psychological stress can elevate plaque levels and physical stress causes gingivitis so every kind of stress can cause gum irritation.  Experts suggest that chronic stress can lead to some form of biological malfunction.
  1. Contagious Diseases – There is evidence that periodontal disease and decay can be passed between lovers or from parent to child by kissing.  It is not uncommon for someone who has never had a cavity in their life to all of a sudden have one or more after starting a new relationship.  If your lover or child has gum disease, bone disease or decay, both of you may need to use antibacterial rinses.
  1. Low Calcium – It is proven that gum disease can be due to low calcium in your diet.  If you have gum irritation, you may need to add a calcium supplement to your diet.
  1. Life Stages – Various stages in your life such as puberty, menopause and pregnancy can cause gum irritation due to raises in progesterone and estrogen levels.
  1. Medications – Gum disease can be caused by various prescription medications such as steroids, oral contraceptives, anti-epilepsy drugs and cancer therapy drugs.
  1. Dry Mouth – Gum irritation can be caused by dry mouth.  Saliva flushes food debris out of your mouth that could otherwise cause plaque build up.  There are saliva pathways such as on the side of the molars and tongue where the flow is faster and then there are “byways” by the upper incisors where saliva flow is slower.  Saliva covers your gums and teeth with a protein type of film that protects your mouth.
  1. Anger – It is believed that anger can cause gum disease.  Anger increases certain secretion that has the ability to depress immune function which can cause periodontal disease.
  1. Gum Disease – The root to much gum irritation is caused by gum disease which leads to bleeding gums.  This can affect the overall integrity of your teeth as well as the bone supporting them.