Everything You Need to Know about Bruised Gums


Bruised gums are a fairly prevalent problem from adults to children there are many reasons that can trigger this problem. A bruise suggests an injury and very often a bruised gum is indicative of some trauma to the skin inside the mouth.


Bruised gums can be a problem for babies during teething. Most teething children are irritable and tender gums but in rare cases there is actual bruising. A chilled teething toy or a frozen waffle can help in reducing the extent of pain. If you feel that your baby’s bruised gums are worrisome, it is not a bad idea to talk to your pediatrician. However, be prepared for the fact that the doctor may not be able to do much to help other than suggest some oral gel that can numb the area.


Young children can also experience bruised gums. This usually happens as the result of a fall or some other dental trauma. Children, who tend to run around and play without much regard to their surroundings, do bump into things and fall and hit things. Sometimes even when there is no outward sign of injury, you may notice a bruise in the gum later in the day. Parents tend to worry if this means that the tooth will fall out – and there is also concern about an infection inside the mouth. Most bruises tend to fade in a couple of days but it is a good idea to keep an eye on it and take your child into the doctor if it persists. Some pediatricians suggest that the child be given some salt water to gargle. This may help with the swelling and prevent any infection from setting in. If your child complains of pain, an over the counter pain killer may be a good idea.


Adults experience bruised gums stemming from varied kinds of mouth related issues. Injuries from a fall or a fight, a side-effect of some dental work, an infection or a blood clotting problem are some of the likely causes of bruised gums. You should assess the bruise and try and isolate the cause. If you were involved in an accident or altercation where you took a blow to your face, it is possible that you have a jaw fracture. So, if the bruising is accompanied by severe pain you should visit the doctor and get an x-ray. In some cases a fracture may need to be fixed with surgery. Bruised gums can sometimes be the result of filling or some other dental work. It may be worth a re-visit to your orthodontist to ensure that there is no nerve that is being impacted by the filling. In both these cases, the trauma and the dental work, you may be able to see a cause-effect relationship for your bruise.


Occasionally you may feel some tenderness and notice a bruise without there being any noticeable cause for it – in such cases there is the possibility of a blood condition called coagulopathy where the blood is unable to clot normally. Some medications can also cause this problem.


It is a good idea to get medical advice if you see no perceptible reason for the bruise as your doctor may need to run some tests to assess your overall health.  Bruised gums are not indicative of a big health problem but they are not to be ignored as they can be a sign of some important changes in your body.


If there is no major medical problem related to the bruise, a doctor is likely to suggest a pain killer and time as the best response to this situation.